Master Theses Topics in Experimental Particle Physics
In our group we offer a broad spectrum of master thesis topics in experimental elementary particle physics.
- General Contacts
- Physics of the Top Quark
- Search for Physics Beyond the Standard Model
- Detector R&D and Particle Identification
If you have questions of organisational nature, or if you would like to have some advice which master thesis topic would be most suitable for you please contact
If you have already spotted your favorite topic or you have questions concerning a specific topic you can also address directly the contact person indicated for each topic.
The top quark and QuantumChromoDynamics (QCD) are two parts of the standard model of particle physics which deserve detailed studies using the ATLAS experiment at LHC. Since LHC collides protons, QCD is the main interaction taking place between the constituents of the colliding particles. Understanding these processes is mandatory before any noticed deviation can be claimed a signal of a new physics phenomena. The main object of research are jets of many particles originating from a highly energetic quark or gluon produced from a hard scattering process.
The top quark is the heaviest known particle, whose properties are not fully investigated yet. Proton proton collisions at LHC are abundant with top quarks which allows to measure its properties with high precision. Also top quarks and additional jets are produced in the decay of a heavier quark from a hypothetical fourth generation.
Our research work is currently directed to:
- Top quark properties: production cross section, mass, decay modes and branching ratios, top-antitop quark spin correlation
- QCD multi-jet production, strong coupling constant, soft underlying event, multi-parton interactions
Topics for master theses in one of these areas involve the analysis of measured data using existing software tools, the selection of relevant signal events out of many competing processes, the comparison of the measured results to expectations obtained from simulation studies, the interpretation of the final results in terms of the observed quantity and the systematic uncertainties of the measurement. The actual work will require some software development in the framework of the existing analysis software tools using C++.
Prof. Dr. Otmar Biebel
There are many theoretical arguments why the Standard Model of elementary particle physics (SM) is just a very good low-energy approximation, but needs an extension at some higher energy scale.
On the experimental side, the fact that we exists (i.e. the matter dominance in the Universe) as well as the observation of effects that could be attributed to the existence of co-called Dark Matter are the best indicators that there must be something beyond the Standard Model.
One highly cited and well motivated example for an extension of the SM is Supersymmetry (SUSY), where each fermionic degree of freedom is complemented by a bosonic degree of freedom and vice versa. As the supersymmetric partners of the known Standard Model particles have not been observed yet, it is assumed that SUSY is a broken symmetry and therefore these partner particles have different masses. There are strong arguments, however, that the masses of the supersymmetric partners should not be too heavy and in reach of the LHC. SUSY also offers a plausible explanation for Dark Matter in the Universe.
Finding the new particles predicted by SUSY is one of the major goals of the ATLAS experiment. The easiest way to produce SUSY particles at the LHC is through strong production. However, if coloured super-particles are heavy, as recent limits from ATLAS and CMS, and the Higgs boson search results seem to indicate, electroweak production may play a major role in the discovery of SUSY.
Our group is involved in the following areas, where topics for master theses can be offered.
- New heavy long-lived particles
A wide range of models, supersymmetric ones just being one example, predict some kind of long- lived particle. With lifetimes long enough to actually reach – or even traverse – the detector, the searches for these particle pose a distinct challenge, as they require dedicated reconstruction algorithms and calibrations as well as a detailed understanding of various parts of the detector. Possible topics for master theses include: the evaluation of the discovery potential for long-lived particles in previously uncovered SUSY models, studies of extending the list of detectors used to measure the key variables for these searches.
- Strong production of SUSY particles
We focus on the analysis of events with several jets, missing transverse energy and 1 lepton (electron or muon) in the final state. Such analyses are sensitive to a wide class of supersymmetric models, among those gravity-mediated SUSY-breaking models (mSUGRA) and the phenomenological Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (pMSSM). A possible topic for a master thesis is to extend the current analysis to final states containing a large number of jets and only little missing transverse energy, which could not be accessed by former analyses. Such final states are predicted in a variety of supersymmetric models. Another domain of interest is the development and performance study of an advanced trigger strategy due to the increased luminosity at the LHC. The trigger is a crucial part of the experiment since at this stage the collision events are either recorded for further analysis or rejected. Possible topics include the feasibility of new trigger algorithms, their optimisation on SUSY models of interest, and measurement of trigger rates and efficiencies with LHC data.
- Direct production of scalar top quarks
The mass of the lightest stop, one of the supersymmetric partners of the top quark, is expected to be below ~ 1 - 2 TeV. It may thus be the lightest squark. Due to its close relation to the top quark, it may be hard to identify. Many specific searches were therefore designed to look for it, among them again an analysis in final states containing one isolated lepton, jets and missing transverse energy. One of the possible topics for a master thesis in the field of stop searches could be to re-optimise the analysis to also include final states with low energetic leptons. Such final states appear for example in models in which the masses of the stop and lightest supersymmetric particle are similar.
- Electroweak production of SUSY particles
Supersymmetric particles like charginos, neutralinos and sleptons can be directly produced in electroweak processes. The detector signature which could reveal SUSY in this case is missing transverse energy, little hadronic activity, and more than one lepton (electron, muon or tau) in the final state. Potential topics for a master thesis include the optimisation of the discovery potential and extension of the current analysis strategy to include final states where one or more leptons are tau leptons, the study of the Standard Model backgrounds producing fake leptons coming from misidentified jets or leptons from heavy-flavour decays, and trigger studies that allow us to find ways to cope with the higher instantaneous luminosity at LHC Run-2.
- Exploring the compressed regime with low-pt objects
With the large dataset taken from 2015 to 2018, new places to search for Supersymmetry become accessible. One particularly interesting hiding place for Supersymmetry are "compressed" scenarios, where the differences between the masses of supersymmetric particles are small and thus the decay products attain only little energy and momentum. Looking for such objects is a challenging task and a lot of effort is made at the moment to push the thresholds for objects that can be used in the search for Supersymmetry (or other signatures for new physics beyond the Standard Model) as low as possible. With machine-learning technologies finding more and more applications in High Energy Physics, the improvement of reconstructio techniques is an area where they can really shine and demonstrate their full potential.
The extreme radiation background conditions at LHC require the development of new and radiation hard particle detectors which shall replace existing and less radiation tolerant detector technologies in the ATLAS detector.
Our research is focused on
- Micro pattern gaseous particle detectors like MICROmesh GAseous Structures (Micromegas) or Gaseous Electron Multiplier (GEM); such detectors shall have a spatial resolution of 20 to 100 micron and cover an active area of square meters.
- Scintillating detectors with Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM) readout; the goal is to achieve spatial resolution in two dimensions by reading out two optically separated trapezoidal scintillators using SiPMs and wavelength shifting fibres.
Topics for master theses are directly connected to these areas of detector research & development. A thesis involves both hardware and software related work. This includes typically the conceptual planning of an experiment, setting-up the experimental apparatus, performing the measurements and, finally, analysing and interpreting the results from the measurement.